CISP Online

Blog of the Centre for Invention & Social Process, Goldsmiths

September 28, 2018
by Emily Nicholls
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Welcome Jade Henry

Jade Henry is very pleased to be joining CISP as a post-doctoral Visiting Research Fellow until October 2019. During this period, she will be consolidating her recently completed doctoral work on Critical Care, mobile learning technology and the global health sector. This will culminate in the submission of a grant proposal for a new research project at Goldsmiths, examining the intersections between care practices, algorithms, and the formation of publics.

Jade recently earned her PhD at UCL Institute of Education where she studied the matters of care in designing new mobile learning technology for Kenyan community health workers. Prior to this, she worked for over a decade as a researcher analyst at Kaiser Permanente, a private sector health care delivery system in the US. She completed her Bachelor of Science in Psychobiology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Master of Public Health degree at Yale University.

June 28, 2018
by Emily Nicholls
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Reflections from the CISP Project Group visit to Mark Dion’s exhibition, ‘Theatre for the Natural World’

The CISP Project Group is (primarily) a reading group based in CISP. Our reading and discussion has so far had a particular focus on care and on 3rd May 2018 we visited the Whitechapel Gallery to see an exhibition by Mark Dion. Below, two members of the group, Liam Healy and Sarah Pennington, reflect on the exhibition in the context of some of our ongoing discussions in the group.

 

Mark Dion is an American artist, born in 1961, whose work aims to provoke and probe at the way humans ‘tell’ the natural world. The aim of this writing is to think with Dion’s exhibition at the Whitechapel gallery, Theatre for the Natural World, through various concepts of care, particularly through the work of Maria Puig de la Bellacasa (2017). As such, this is not an art review, instead we would like to see this work as being productive in generating ideas through various literatures concerned with care and some of Bellacasa’s subjects, namely, touch and soil. Dion (2018) himself talks about slowing his viewers down and asking them “to look with care” – that a viewer who looks with care gets far more from his work. This reminds us that there is often an emphasis on the visual and cognitive (rather than the sensory or emotional) at art shows in this kind of art institution, where touch is often prohibited in the ‘white cube’ gallery for reasons of conservation, safety, preservation, or in order to care for the objects on display (another text we discussed describes the processes of maintenance and care employed to keep the Mona Lisa legible as an art object, Domínguez Rubio, 2016).
 
This exhibition differs slightly and attempts at a balance of both touching and looking. There are many spaces in the gallery that we as audience are invited to touch or to enter, for example a hunters hide, and a bird aviary that we can walk into, or in Dion’s library-cum-gallery we can flick through books, and open the drawers of a large cabinet displaying artefacts dug from the banks of the Thames. In other spaces we are prevented from touching – another hide, intricately detailed with bone china and various cuts of meat and wine is kept roped off (though we are told, in a different instance of this exhibition a group of hunters were invited into the gallery to dine on the installations contents) as is the installation of the Bureau for the Centre of the Study for Surrealism, whose door is firmly shut. Even without these exclusionary devices, the artworks themselves often act as lines drawn between the human and more than human. The hide itself is a framework to see nature, a collection of birds are caged, the drawers of Dion’s cabinet contains and frames artefacts, and books and catalogues frame words and pictures. In many ways these frames contradict Dion’s stated aim – the natural gets invited into the gallery (rather than kept away as we might expect) but we are asked to view it as an art object. In this sense ‘nature’ is kept at a set distance determined by the artist or curator. The cabinet of curiosities borrows the same methods of collection and display as we have come to expect from traditions in the curation of anthropology or natural history. In this sense, Dion’s use of these objects and his attempts to play, provoke or activate a given version of nature on the one hand critiques, but on the other, gets stuck in a circular contradiction that reinforces and perpetuates a bifurcation (Whitehead, 1920) of humans and more than humans. We find an example of this in a wallpaper Dion made for the library-cum-gallery space made up of a collection of images of extinct animals. Here we also find a sense of nostalgia, both through the aestheticised version of a ‘library’, and towards a version of nature ‘before’ man – when these animals were not extinct. Having said this, we do find two productive ruptures that we discuss in the following.
 
Non-human living animals in the museum or gallery are normally considered pests to be excluded and managed. Conservators are concerned with monitoring and controlling a museum environment, including through processes of identifying and preventing pests, such as insects and rodents, that may cause damage to collections. But the lively twenty-plus Zebra Finches in Dion’s installation of aviary/library – the seed-eating, seed-shitting birds – are indifferent to these archival codes of practice. They are indifferent to us humans. They don’t care that their crap lands on our books – the vestiges of human knowledge – that line the floor of their cage. Whilst the pathways inside the cage created for human visitors are regularly cleaned, judging from the fresh sawdust lining them, the bird shit on the books is left undisturbed. So, given enough ‘care time’, we might wonder whether the microorganisms in the shit could react with the papers (a carbon source, like dry leaves) and make a soil? Could this floor be read as decomposition enacted? Clearly the three-month timeframe of this temporary exhibition is at odds with this pace; but nonetheless, rather than being excluded from the ‘white cube’, these books, birds and shit are a human, animal and mineral ecology, through which we are told part of a story of the pace of soil care.
 
Another story of soil is told in the work of the Tate Thames Dig (1999). Dion, alongside a group of volunteers, combed the foreshore of the Thames River at low tide in locations near the two Tate gallery sites in London. As the longest archaeological site in London, this shoreline of sands, silts, gravel and clay holds a material history of the human relationship with the river. The jetsam and flotsam that once landed and have since been discovered are a material culture comprised of parts of human and non-human bodies, as well as physical objects made from plastics, metals, glass, wood, thread. Like the speculative soil of books and shit decomposed in the aviary/library, this river soil is also a gathering of human and non-human things..
 
Removed from the shoreline and the soil, this public hoard of objects from the dig are displayed at the Whitechapel Gallery in a heavy, antique wooden double-sided cabinet; behind glass, in drawers and boxes. Just as in the curation of a cabinet of curiosity, there is no clear museological taxonomy employed here. It seems that the found objects are grouped through random classifications, like ‘teeth’ or ‘round objects’; and we ask, whose classification is this? And, who got to choose? We are shown photographs of the local volunteers who dug the shoreline soil, and a locker that functions as an archive of the equipment required for the digging and sorting; and so it seems that these objects have been collected and displayed through procedures that we recognise as the human ‘acquisition’ of the ‘natural world’. Therefore the story of a soil is a subtle and tenuous one here – over-shadowed by a bulky Victorian collectors cabinet, but still somehow resonant in the surfaces of the specimens that have been tarnished and preserved through their time lodged in the silt.
 
To conclude, we return to Dion’s own comment, that we as viewers should slow down and “look with care” (2018), but, we are forced to ask, is it enough to look with care? Or even to critique with care? Isn’t looking with care what happens, often, in the art gallery? Instead, we find the promise of touch more productive in using this exhibition to think with care. Speculating on the Thames dig, we imagine not only the process of digging, collecting, cleaning and archiving, but the process of engaging others to dig as a caring practice – offering tools and protective equipment to do so. In this sense, we find a disconnect between what happened elsewhere – on the dig – and the business-as-usual of looking but not touching in the gallery. Looking with care then, is more productive in process, and perhaps necessarily, outside this exhibition.

 

References
Dion M (2018) Mark Dion: Theatre of the Natural World. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=26&v=ae0A4cnHfb0 (accessed 3 June 2018).
 
Domínguez Rubio F (2016) On the discrepancy between objects and things: An ecological approach. Journal of Material Culture 21(1): 59–86. DOI: 10.1177/1359183515624128.
 
Puig de la Bellacasa M (2017) Matters of Care: Speculative Ethics in More than Human Worlds. Univ Of Minnesota Press.

Whitehead AN (1920) The Concept of Nature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

June 11, 2018
by Emily Nicholls
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(Un)usual residence and the mobile academic: Critique through design

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Room 138, Richard Hoggart Building, Goldsmiths
Tuesday 10th July 2018, 2-4PM

How might citizen-generated data contribute to rethinking the fundamental assumption in official statistics that residence, home and work are aligned in a single state? This is the question of an ongoing experiment being conducted by ARITHMUS at the Department of Sociology on the category of ‘usual residents’, an international standard for defining a population base. We are inviting colleagues from CISP and other departments and centres to help us think through this question by drawing on our experiences as internationally mobile academics.

The informal workshop is part of the design of a citizen data app that can contribute to reimagining this international standard by experimenting with digital technologies to account for the multiplicity of lived experiences and ‘modes of living’. In the hands-on workshop involving a series of exercises we will experimentally conceive of how we might measure and identify ‘unusual residence’ and reflect on this as a mode of critique. We especially would like to learn from your experiences as an academic juggling frequent moves between countries (but we are open to different types of input).

Organised by Evelyn Ruppert, Funda Ustek-Spilda and Francisca Grommé, ARITHMUS, Department of Sociology/CISP

Registration required: please e-mail Francisca Grommé by 3rd July, f.gromme@gold.ac.uk

June 5, 2018
by Emily Nicholls
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Alien Agency or How Art and STS Make Strange (But Necessary) Bedfellows

2_Futile_Labor_cropped
Room 137 Richard Hoggart Building, Goldsmiths
Monday 18 June 2018, 4.30-6.30 PM
Organised by the Centre for Invention and Social Process (CISP)
Public Talk, Free Attendance

Speaker: Chris Salter, Concordia University / Hexagram / Milieux Institute for Arts, Culture and Technology

Abstract: How does one make art with techno-scientific procedures and stuff? Alien Agency is a book that I wrote in 2015 that explores what happens in creative practice when the materials of art and research behave and perform in ways beyond the creators’ intentions. In a weird mix between theory, biography, history and ethnography, the book aimed both to make links between art, design, STS, performance and media studies as well to understand how researcher-creators organize the conditions for new experimental, performative assemblages that mix art, technoscience and sociological construction–assemblages that sidestep dichotomies between subjects and objects, human and nonhuman, mind and body, knowing and experiencing. This talk will explore both these ongoing promises and the inherent tensions of forging links between techno-scientific art practice and the sociology and anthropology of science.

Biography: Chris Salter is an artist, University Research Chair in New Media, Technology and the Senses at Concordia University and Co-Director of the Hexagram network for Research-Creation in Media Arts and Technology in Montreal. His work has been seen all over the world at such venues as the Venice Architecture Biennale, Chronus Art Center Shanghai, Wiener Festwochen, Berliner Festspiele, Muffathalle, ZKM, Vitra Design Museum, HAU-Berlin, BIAN 2014, LABoral, Lille 3000, CTM Berlin, National Art Museum of China, Ars Electronica, Villette Numerique, Todays Art, Transmediale, EXIT Festival (Maison des Arts, Creteil-Paris) among many others. He is the author of Entangled: Technology and the Transformation of Performance (MIT Press, 2010) and Alien Agency: Experimental Encounters with Art in the Making (MIT Press, 2015). He is currently working on “Making Sense in the Quantified World,” a book on how sensing technology is changing our bodies and concept of self for the MIT Press.

May 16, 2018
by Emily Nicholls
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Prototyping the Idiotic City

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Goldsmiths, Richard Hoggart Building, Room 137

Tuesday 5 June 2018 @ 9:30AM –> 4:30PM

 

Participants

Alison Powell, London School of Economics

Gyorgyi Galik, Royal College of Art, London/Umbrellium

Jennifer Gabrys, University of Goldsmiths

Mike Michael, University of Exeter

Noortje Marres, CIM, University of Warwik

Ola Söderström, University of Neuchâtel

Uriel Fogué, ESAYA, UEM

 

Organisers

CISP & Fondecyt N°1180062

 

Abstract

In recent years, the notion of smartness has gained pervasive prominence in various spheres of social life and the ways that cities can be known, planned and governed. Data collection is now enabled through embedded sensors and devices in urban space, particularly in the development of the Internet of Things. Autonomous mobility and other smart city initiatives make cities appear to be manageable and controllable in (near) real-time through smart analytics and dashboards. In developing these innovations, new modes of laboratorization and experimentation are deployed in order to test technological ‘solutions’. Against the grain of a sterile technotopia proposed by the smart city, we want to problematize the various kinds of smartness that are programmed and inscribed into this debate, as well as question the newness of it. What, in other words, are the failures and breakdowns that slow down and counteract the supposed smoothness of the smart city? Through a one-day workshop we invite researchers to creatively incorporate the “murmur of the idiot” (Stengers, 2005) into situations in which new relationships with our ‘smart’ surroundings can be built. During the event, each presenter discusses an idiotic object or situation. Each speaker, together with the audience, will then try to further the idiocy of other speakers cases.

 

Programme

9.30 Introduction: Martin Tironi

 

09.50-11.10 (chair: Michael Guggenheim)

Mike Michael: Toward the Untoward: Idiocy, Multiplicity and The London Fatberg

Gyorgyi Galik: If We Are So Smart, Then Why Aren’t We Healthier?

 

11.30-12.50 (chair Alex Wilkie)

Jennifer Gabrys: The Participatory Platform in the Idiotic City

Alison Powell: The Unknowable City. A New Ethics of Sense

 

12.50-1.50 lunch

 

1.50-3.10 (chair: Marsha Rosengarten)

Noortje Marres: Title TBC

Uriel Fogué: The Lazy Reading Club: Prototyping the Idiotic City in Cushioned Infrastructures

 

3.30-4.10 (chair: Martin Tironi)

Ola Söderström: A Schizo-Analysis of the Smart City

 

4.10 Final comments: Liam Healy, Fabian Namberger

 

Organising committee

Michael Guggenheim (Goldsmiths, University of London), Martin Tironi (School of Design, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile), Liam Healy (Goldsmiths, University of London), Fabian Namberger (Goldsmiths, University of London)

 

The event is free, please register here: https://idiotic-cities.eventbrite.co.uk